National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Villány [** ¤]
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Villány

(County Baranya)

The town of Villány is situated in the county of Baranya, on the eastern spur of the Villány Hills, by the river Karasica.

Renaissance shield erect, or, fish-tailed. In a field vert a man habited in a hat sable, shirt azure, trousers gules and boots sable and one habited in a hat sable, shirt gules, apron azure and boots sable, both passant, carrying on a pole across the shoulders a giant bunch of human head-sized grapes azure; issuing from between two man-sized leaves vert a vine-shoot sable.

Across the top a helmet argent with a barred visor or, lined gules and bordered or, round the gorget on a ribbon a medaillon, all or. Helm is crowned with a five pointed crown or (between three verdures on two snags a sapphire each), gorged with ruby and sapphire. The crest is a dexter arm issuing from the sinister between two wheat ears or, couped, habited gules, holding a scimitar argent.

Mantling: dexter azure and argent, sinister vert and argent.

The colour gold of the shield expresses the past and present financial and spiritual welfare of the settlement. The place has been inhabited ever since the prehistoric age. Following antecedents from the Bronze Age and that of the Celts, the Romans developed a viticulture centred around villas. As an evidence of this, the fragment of an altar stone depicting the plantation of vine has been excavated in the area.

The settlement quickly recovered from the effects of the Tartar invasion. Its owner known by name in 1311 was László Villányi and his wife Erzsébet Budméri, daughter of Máté Csépáni. Later the famous Garai family also held possessions in the village, which by this time had already had a church built. Between 1332 and 1335, the parish paid a considerable sum as a papal tithe. Today the municipality has several churches, a school and a trade school, as well as a library and a periodical; its museums are famous, and in the community centre various programs are organized.

The green field symbolises the prospering agriculture of the region, but it also refers to the thriving foreign relations and the local people's awareness of their identity.

The charge comes from the village seal of 1808. It evokes a biblical story, in which the spies of Joshua, so as to prove the fertility of the land in the valley of Eskol (bunch of grapes) near Hebron, 'cut a vine-shoot together with its bunch, which was then carried by two men to their camp' (Nehemiah 13, 23-24). Apart from the religious belief and the viticulture of outstanding quality, the design of this charge was perhaps also influenced by the fact that in the region, following a German tradition, a tool called heveng is made, which means that the bunches of grape meant for preservation are hung on a long pole so that they can be transported without being damaged. The shape of the heveng and the way of transport greatly resemble the biblical scene. Naturally, the symbol also represents the high quality of local viticulture, the vine cellars and the bottling of the wine, as well as the hospitality with which guests are welcomed.

The two male figures carrying the huge bunch represent the two dominant ethnic groups of the settlement, the Germans (in the apron) and the Hungarians, whereas the rich gilding, which evokes the dominant colour of icons, refers to the Slavs of the past and of today. The showing of the 'German' in the charge emphasizes the importance of the 'Friday wine day' held regularly.

The helm pays tribute to local heroes and the victims of wars, while the crown surmounting it expresses the autonomy of the municipality. The wheat suggests the feeling of safety and the peace of mind secured by 'our daily bread', while the arm with the sword is a warning that this bread must be fought for every day. The arm also evokes from the past the victory over the Turks in the battle of 1687.

The silver helm is enfiled by scarves that look like a bride's veil. This motif indicates that the first written document related to the settlement mentions a lady owner as well. In a broader sense, it also suggests respect and appreciation for ladies and mothers.

E-mail: villany@mail.matav.hu