National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-Of-Arms of the Town of Vésztő [** ¤]
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(The County of Békés)

The municipality of Vésztő can be found in the north of the county of Békés, on the backwaters of the river Sebes-Körös.

Heater erect, between fess point and base a fess wavy or, emblazoned. In chief and partly in fess vert a ploughshare and a scythe are borne, both argent, shaded sable, pointed in pale and edged to the sinister. In sinister chief an eight-pointed star argent. In fess wavy to the dexter a Latin cross gules, to the sinister a pierced stone axe gules, in view from above. Base azure is blazoned with six stylised clumps argent, arranged in lines of 3-2-1.

Across the top a five-pointed open crown verdured or (between the three verdures gorged with sapphires and rubies two pearls proper). Headband is adorned with sapphires, rubies and emerald.

Mantling: to the dexter gules and or, to the sinister azure and argent.

The green field symbolises the rich pastures of the region and the one-time grazing lands surrounded by thickets, which got often flooded. The population used to lease the lands near Bélmegyer as well, in order to provide their cattle with pastures. The colour green also symbolises faith in the future.

The ploughshare and the scythe refer to farming, the other important source of living. The scythe tells another story as well: according to an aitiological legend, during the Mongol invasion the people fled to the swampy hideaways and left in the shallow passing-place sharp scythes, which cut the tendons of the horses of their pursuers, who got killed in the swamps. Their memory is kept by the name Tatárvágás-dülő.

The ploughshare and the scythe were borne in the earliest seal of the settlement as well.

The first meaning of the star is the Lutheran religion, to which the majority of the population belongs. Their forebears came from Bakonyszeg (in the county of Bihar) in 1714 led by the Reverend István Szentbenedeki, and their most urgent task was to rebuild their church from its ruins. (A new church was built in 1782; a spire was added in 1797). The star also symbolises that the local inhabitants were always prepared to fight against their subjugation, and for freedom and progress. The very first in this series of fights was the revolt led by Chief Vata, which was continued by his son Javas (Iauus). Tzar Czerny Jovan (Jovan Nenad) was a well-known name here; the local inhabitants used to fight in Rákóczi's army, and the rebels led by Szegedinác Péró were blessed by the Reverend János Kecskeméti in 1735, who then was imprisoned for this. In 1944 the National Congress of Agricultural Workers supporting peace and labour was organised here.

The golden wavy fess evokes the 'golden age' of the settlement, when the repentant family members of Vata, who had destroyed the Byzantian-style church of the settlement built in the first half of the 11th century, had a new church built in the early 12th century. (It was rebuilt at the end of the same century as a three-nave, pillared basilica with an organ loft). Later the All Saints' monastery was founded here by the name of Csoltmonostor, which was peopled in by Benedictine monks. Abbot Lodi was a witness in legal case in 1222, while Abbot László was mentioned in a writing about 1330. A new branch of the Csolt clan derives from a 13th century member, Bailiff Abraham (the Ábrahámffy or Ábránffy family). The settlement prospered while it was in their possession, which can be proved by the fact that Reverend János paid 15 silver mites as papal tithe between 1332 and 1337.

The red cross emblazoning the golden fess evokes the cross which was found while the the ruins of the monastery were being excavated. The stone axe, also found on the same spot, proves that the place was inhabited as early as prehistoric times.

The archeologiacal site at Vésztő-Mágor is unique in Central Europe because it can best illustrate the various cultures built on one another from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages.

The colour blue and the silver motives of clump evoke the one-time waterworld. Local waters joined here in twelve branches and surrounded seven islands, and there were also four crannies and two ridges nearby. Due to this location, although the settlement was seriously threatened on several occasions, it was never completely depopulated. It almost got devastated in the Turkish period in 1598, but it survived even then. The speedy waters made it possible that water mills be built; the last one was pulled down in 1810. The river Sebes Körös had flooded the place quite often before it was regulated, but since the river got eventually tamed, floods have occurred only rarely. One such occasion was in 1925.

The rich decoration of the crown as well as the mantling symbolise hard work, life force and ambition, as a result of which the Vésztő's inhabitants obtained their autonomy expressed by the crown itself.