National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Szekszárd [¤]
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Szekszárd

(The County of Tolna)

The earliest seals relating to Szekszárd were the signs of the Benedictine abbotry founded by King Béla I in 1061. The abbot, who spent considerable time away from the abbotry, would use a separate coated wax seal of his own, while the local convent would be entitled to another charged seal. Early known and surviving artefacts include the coated seal of Abbot Benedek from 1342, and the charge of the typarium of the convent as an ecclesiastical body entrusted with notarial functions from 1467. The comitat obtained the right to use its coat-of-arms in 1699 from Emperor Leopold I. This coat-of-arms bearing St Stephen and his son Prince Imre has since 1779 been associated with Szekszárd, for the 300-year-old market town was raised to the rank of county seat in that year.

The town's coat-of-arms, basically unchanged since the early 1700s, made use of the most important characteristics of Szekszárd as its principal charges.

As the first charge the tintless seal bearing the legend reading SIGILLUM OPPIDI SZEXARDIENSIS survived. The coloured version in Hungarian was designed 130 years later.

Spade shield erect. In field azure a castle wall of four rows of ashlars gules, in the middle surmounted by an open tower built from the same material, in memory of the Benedictine church reconsecrated as a Christian place of worship after the Turkish rule. In the middle the tower is divided in two by a crossbeam. In the upper part a bunch of grapes, in the lower part a bell hanging, both or. The tower is accosted by three ears of wheat or on the sinister, and a vine stock with two bunches of grapes or, symbolising the region of noble wines on the dexter. Across the top of the shield a crown evoking the shape of vine leaves.

In the earlier versions of the seal the vine dressing knife called kacor could also be seen; on the other hand, the church tower itself, the principal charge of the seal does not exist any more. It was destroyed by the great fire of 1794. The coat-of-arms of 1846 also deviated from the original one, for the early version was marshalled with another shield that bore the Virgin Mary holding the Infant. This marshalled coat-of-arms was abandoned and the original one reinstated in 1906, when Szekszárd obtained the rank of town with its own council.

The present coat-of-arms of Szekszárd was made the most important symbol of the town by a decree issued in 1974, then reframed in 1991.

E-mail: szek_pmh@terrasoft.hu

Honlap: www.szekszard.hu