National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Simontornya [¤]
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Simontornya

(County Tolna)

The coat-of-arms is a shield erect, the base curved to a point. It bears: azure, a single-towered castle proper (gules), the tower flanked on both sides by a mace knobbed or, issuant from the castle wall. Above the tower a three-pointed mural crown gules.

Simontornya used to be owned by the princely family of the Árpáds. During the Turkish occupation, in the period of the insurrection against the Hapsburgs at the turn of the 17th century (called the age of the Kuruts in Hungarian history), as well as during Ferenc Rákóczi's war of independence it was regarded as a major military stronghold.

Simontornya's most important industrial plant is the leather factory, which has determined the profile of the region since the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The town, which is witnessing urban development in our days, has kept many precious relics from its past full of struggles. These historical artefacts can be seen in the Castle Museum within the ancient walls of the castle, reconstructed with such professional expertise that can be set as an example. From the castle tower one can see the building of the school where the Hungarian writer Gyula Illyés studied, as well as the old restaurant, which used to belong to the author's family. Attached to the Franciscan monastery in the vicinity of the castle there stands the Baroque building of the Catholic church, built in 1728, the contemporary frescoes of which are also worth the attention. In the middle of the small square opposite the church a statue of the Holy Trinity can be seen, erected in the 18th century.

An outstanding historical monument is the castle, which still dominates the town centre. A notable fact of its past is that the stronghold surrounded by natural waters and swamps originally was a single tower (keep), built by Simon, son of Solomon, at the end of the 13th century. On the upper floor of the keep there lived the lord, and it was also here that the garrison was accommodated. The kitchen and the servants were to be found on the ground floor, while the storerooms and the prison cells were situated in the cellars.

The military valour of the soldiers of Simontornya, the one-time Kuruts stronghold, has been preserved in the strength and the glitter of the region's fiery wines. According to the evidence of finds displayed in the National Museum of Hungary, the history of viticulture at Simontornya goes back to the times when Celtic settlements sprang up in the region. It prospered alongside with the flourishing of the Roman province Pannonia, as proven by the graves unearthed at Halomhegy. Although the region's viticulture got destroyed during the Turkish occupation, it started to boom once again from the 17th century onward. By the beginning of the 20th century, the area of Simontornya's vineyards had reached the size of 650-700 acres.

Pictures:

1. The Roman Catholic church

2. Hillside vineyard at Simontornya

3. Simontornya’s castle