National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Sárospatak [¤]
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Sárospatak

(County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén)

The basic shape of the coat-of-arms is a rectangle constructed of nine coincident squares. The three lower squares take an oblong shape by the elongation of their vertical sides according to the canon of proportion. The field itself takes its shape by the quarter-bowed resectioning of the lower corners of the erect basic form, whereas the point in the vertical axis of symmetry in the base has been composed of the assembly of the parts separated from the body of the shield during the process of resectioning.

Across the top a coronet verdured or is borne. Its base rests on the bisector of the two outer upper squares, while its upper outer edges fall on the straight lines formed by the elongation of the sides of the shield. The arched (convex) lines of the coronet can be drawn with compasses stuck into the point of the shield base.

The upper field (chief) consists of three squares. In the middle chieh a fleur-de-lis, borne on the vertical axis of symmetry. In the dexter and in the sinister chief a rose respectively. The shape of the fleur-de-lis is rhomboid, whereas that of the roses is a pentagon with convex edges.

In the upper part of the lower field`s axis of symmetry the small-scale copy of the coronet across the top of the shield, while at the base point the small-scale copy of the rose in the upper field is borne (scale 2:1). The angel figures are of identical size, and symmetrical with their respective pairs borne reversed. Their trunks and wings are identical; it is only the position of their heads, the movement of their arms and the posture of one of their legs that follow their poses.

The star and the moon are drawn in a circle with the centre point positioned on the diagonal line of the squares positioned in the two upper corners of the lower field. The moon is borne on the sinister, the star on the dexter. The gems of the coronet are circular, elliptical and rectangular, and are borne with their centre points positioned on convex lines.

The town of Sárospatak lies at a distance of 250 kms from Budapest, on the banks of the Bodrog River and at the foot of the range of hills at Tokaj, the home of the world-famous Tokaj wines.

The town has a unique place among the towns of Hungary; on the one hand because the walls in town keep the memory of our wars of independence and of our freedom fighters, most importantly of Ferenc Rákóczi, while on the other hand because due to its world- famous Calvinist Academy Sárospatak has always been known as a traditional centre for culture and education. Thus the town does reserve the name 'Athens-on-Bodrog'.

The richest and most valuable architectural complex in Hungary featuring the most intact castle and palace built in the 16th-century late Renaissance and the 17th-century early Baroque style is to be found in Sárospatak. This sight annually attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to the town.

Sárospatak has been inhabited ever since the period of the Magyar Conquest (896), and as early as the 11th century it was already a royal borough, a favoured dwelling place for Hungarian kings and queens. In addition, Sárospatak's fast progress was also due to local viniculture, the town's favourable location by the main road leading from Buda to Poland, the ferry across the Bodrog River and the local millstone-manufacture.

The Árpádian and the Anjou kings were succeeded by the Pálóczys, Perényis, Dobós and Rákóczis as landlords and the town still developed uninterruptedly. The Sárospatak Academy was founded in 1531 and soon it began to play an increasingly important role in the intellectual and academic life of the country. The world- famous Czech professor, János Amos Comenius also taught here between 1650-4 and it was also the time when the Calvinist Academy was ranked among the best educational institutions of its kind in Europe. This leading role was kept by the school later on as well and its intellectual and spiritual influence could be felt not only among the walls but in the town, in the region, even across the national borders.The Academy was nationalised in 1952 but in 1990 it was returned to the Calvinists.

Geographically Sárospatak is situated on both banks of the Bodrog River, on the eastern slope of the mountain range Zempléni, at the place where the two regions of Hungary, the Great Hungarian Plain and the northern mountains meet.

Tourism:

The town's historical past is the chief attraction for tourists. It has over 50 listed buildings (including the world-famous castle and palace and the Calvinist Academy). Potential tourist attractions also include the thermal bath built on the 48°C-medicinal water found locally, the natural beauties nearby as well as the town's unique modern architecture, primarily the architectural works by Imre Makovecz, whose works cannot be found in such large number elsewhere in the country.

The world-famous Tokaj wine is produced in and near Sárospatak, since the town is part of the most renowned wine-growing region of Hungary, the Tokaj-Hegyalja region. Thus the fiery aszu wines of the Rákóczi cellar also attract a great number of tourists.

The quiet, peaceful and unpolluted backwaters nearby create ideal conditions for angling or for other recreational activities.

The two hotels in the town can accomodate a total of 240 people. In addition, a 400-guest campsite and a number of bed-and-breakfast places await tourists.

The Bodrog River is also ideal for pursuing all kinds of water sports.

The unspoilt and almost untouched Zempléni mountains offer good opportunities for hikers as well. The marked tour paths usually start from Sárospatak. The medicinal baths are very useful in treating gynaecological and locomotor disorders.

All these conditions offer enough programmes for a 2-3-week-long stay, and, at the same time those programmes are even more enjoyable since they take place in a beautiful and unspoilt environment, ideal for recreation.

In summer a regular Tokaj-Sárospatak boat service is available on the Bodrog River.

In the high season which lasts from May to October Sárospatak receives a total number of 500-600 thousand visitors. In addition to tourists arriving from other parts of our country, the number of foreign visitors is also significant, both from the east and from the west.

Sárospatak has so far hosted and in the future will also host many national and international conferences and symposia. The conference facilities are of extraordinarily high standard.

The cultural centre designed by Imre Makovecz, with its 600-seat auditorium and good acoustics is suitable for theatrical and operatic performances, but it is an ideal concert hall and conference venue as well.

All visitors are welcome to Sárospatak.

Pictures:

1. The Calvinist church

2. Rákóczi Castle

3. Hild square