National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Sarkad [*** ¤]
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Sarkad

(The County of Békés)

Sarkad is situated in the eastern part of the county of Békés, on the banks of the river Kőrös, in an area abundant in waters. Owing to its great past, there were a large number of motifs to select from when it came to creating its coat-of-arms.

Sarkad's coat-of-arms is a Renaissance shield erect, quartered, coupé en pointe, base curved to a point.

In dexter chief and partly in fess azure on a field vert a ploughman erect at a slant, habited argent, rustic in wide linen trousers and shirt, a belt sable and a high cap gules lined or, holding in his stretched dexter hand a cross or reaching to the ground, and resting the sinister hand on the stilt gules of a plough contourné and partly covered. Hanging from the stilt traces sable.

In sinister chief and partly in fess gules an eaglet abaissé, proper, feathered sable, armed, taloned or and ensigned with a crown or, holding in its beak gules a ring or adorned with emerald.

In dexter champaine gules, over a bastion argent vaulted gules and with a gateway or a sinister arm alaisé embowed to the sinister, proper, eradicated and vambraced, raising a scimitar bladed argent and tilted or.

In sinister champaine azure, in a nest vert alaisé over a bendlet wavy a pelican in her piety feeding her three young ones, all argent.

Across the top a tournament helmet at a slant, barred and riveted or, lined azure and gules, round the gorget on a ribbon a medaillon, both or. Helmet is crested with a five-pointed crown verdured or, the three verdures gorged with a sapphire each, the stalks in between with ruby; on the headband between three rubies two times four emerald gems arranged trefoil-wise. Mantling: dexter gules and or, sinister azure and argent.

Sarkad's coat-of-arms is one of the consciously designed canting arms, recalling those noteworthy periods which were turning points in the settlement's history. The cross-holding ploughman in the dexter chief symbolises the first recorded event of the past, when around 1108 Prince Álmos, younger brother of King Kálmán, founded a provostship at Dömös, situated in the Danube Bend, and bestowed land properties on it. The afore-mentioned church was also given by him ten ploughmen from Sarkad, alongside with the land property that they were to cultivate. This donation was endorsed by Béla II (the Blind) as early as 1138.

In the red field the crowned eaglet holding a ring in its beak represents a motif from the coat-of-arms of the Lipoczi Keczer family. They claimed to have come from the Aba clan, which gave the country a king as early as 1042-4, thus it is possible that along this line the history of the settlement goes back to a period much earlier than its first written mention.

Prior to the Turkish era as well as during the Ottoman rule the settlement or parts of it were owned by several families. From their coats-of-arms, one motif borne on the Andrássy family's luckily coincides with the local tradition, according to which a castle or fortress had stood here. This age is represented by the stylised fortified gateway and the arm with the scimitar drawn for defence. The gateway also symbolises Sarkad's present-day situation, since it is a border town and in this capacity is a gate connecting to a neighbouring country.

The wavy bendlet in the sinister base represents the Fekete Kőrös river, while the pelican in piety over it is an ancient Christian symbol referring to Christ the Saviour. This image is an obligatory charge of the panelled ceiling of any church found in a settlement with a protestant majority. This motif evokes the former seal of the town.

Pictures:

1. The Inner City Calvinist Great Church, unique with its nine spires

2. Lake Éden

3. Guest house

4. The Árpád Statue

5. The memorial of the Arad martyrs

6. The former Almássy Mansion, now a secondary school

7. Béla Bartók Community Centre