National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Putnok [¤]
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(The County of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén)

The town's coat-of-arms is a rectangular shield, the base curved to a point. In the field azure a dexter arm vambraced argent, the hand clad in armour holding a sword bladed argent, hilted and crossbarred or, the point transfixing a Turk's head couped, vulned. The head is enfiled in a V-shape by two palm branches vert, crossed in saltire behind the hand. Across the top a crown or verdured with lilies and adorned by gems azure, vert and gules. The shield is supported by two lions combatant or, armed gules.

The principal charge in the blue field of the coat-of-arms, the silver-armoured right arm and gloved hand holding a sword, which transfixes a Turk's head, is a reminder of our heroic borderland fights against the Turks in the 16-17th centuries. On the other hand, this arm also offers peace with the palm branches as its eternal symbol.

The five-pointed crown with the gems above the coat-of-arms refers to Putnok's ancient rank as a market town.

The lions supporting the coat-of-arms on the right and on the left radiate power; their ancestors have been adorning as supporting beasts our council house's main front looking west since the 19th century.

Putnok is an old settlement in the region of Gömör, near the northern boundary of Hungary. It used to be the administrative seat and the most densely populated place of what remained within the borders of Hungary after the Trianon Treaty from the historical county of Gömör-Kishont (today Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén).

The settlement used to be a market town, a district centre, a large village and, since 1 March 1989, it has again been a town with a present-day population of 8,000.

There was a time when Putnok was a settlement playing a decisive role in the area, thanks to the following factors: its position as the southeastern gateway to Gömör, its geographical location of economic importance in the Sajó Valley, its public offices, educational and cultural institutions, industry and trade, manufacture and markets, as well as agriculture, viticulture and forestry as the decisive components of its economy, its geographical location in an area bordered and characterized by the towns of Miskolc-Rimaszombat and Eger-Rozsnyó, its role as a road and railway hub and, finally, its close connections with other regions and settlements.

Documents of local history bear evidence of the town's existence of over 700 years, but Putnok might presumably have existed a long time before that. The first known document dates back to 1283. Putnok's old history was written by Béla Balogh, a Calvinist clergyman serving here in the 1770-80s. The bound manuscript of his work can be seen in the Museum of Gömör. Its first printed version was published in 1894 at Rimaszombat, seat of the one-time comitat. In the Middle Ages the settlement suffered much during the borderland fights with the Turks. Its castle changed hands several times. The memory of this period is kept by the town's old coat-of-arms.

During the course of its history, Putnok was related to illustrious families, noted events and lively ages. The most important families that played a significant role in our history were first the Putnokys and the Tomoris, later the Orlays, then, from the beginning of the 1700s, the Serényis.

Their deeds and works still serve as the basis of and the framework for our life, since the following are all related to László Serényi and his son Béla: the Classical-style hall of residence, a historical monument girded by a park in the centre of the town, the Roman Catholic church (another listed building), the main square, the first kindergarden, the steam-powered mill with the artifical Sajó Dike, the brick factory, the railway line between Eger and Putnok, the railway station, the cobble-stoned roads, the pavements and stream-beds of basalt blocks, the system of street lightning with its decorative lamp standards and flower stands, the , the (translator's remark: both names are only approximate English equivalents of special Hungarian terms related to education), the state primary school, the mechanized agricultural farm, the artificial fish ponds at Szörnyű-völgy (valley), as well as the foundation of societies and organizations.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Béla Serényi was Minister of Commerce and Agriculture. In Putnok's life the Serényis played a role similar to that of the Széchenyis on a national scale. They were immortalized by succeeding generations, which named a square and a street, as well as institutions after them. On the town's main square, the bare platform of Béla Serényi's bronze statue by the sculptor Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl, which was demolished after World War II, is a reminder of the evil memory of a bygone era that tried to erase him and his family. The Serényi hall of residence stands burgled and in ruins, while the family crypt designed by Miklós Ybl is waiting for proper care.

The settlement, which after World War II was able to revive within the boundaries of the surrounding area again dismembered by the reinstalment of the Trianon borders, was declared "guilty town" during the soviet era. Its district-level offices and institutions were moved to Ózd. The town was made the "bedroom community" of commuters between the artificially over-developed centres of socialist metallurgy and chemical industry, a settlement doomed to regression. However, the coal, the land, the forests and local traditions could not be removed. Fortunately enough, the geographical and economic conditions, the innovative spirit, as well as the values and beauties of Nature have remained in place. Our power and confidence in future development are provided by the locals' desire to live a better life.

It is hoped that the local educational and cultural institutions, the coal mine, the local branches and units of agriculture, the developing handicraft, trade and services, together with hospitality will once again place the town in a proper economic position, and will help it regain those administrative, commercial and touristic roles which it once gained and deserved through its position and the hard work of the people living here.

The main points on which Putnok's future development is based are the following: the rehabilitation of the town centre, by which it will adopt the characteristics of a small town in the Gömör region, the planned development of infrastructure (long distance telephone, natural gas), the social support of efforts aimed at town embellishment, the organization of a traditional trade association, and the reorganization of the town's cultural and sports life on the basis of clubs and associations. It is hoped that through the gradual widening of these bases, as well as by extending relations to the regions beyond the border, Putnok will become a lively small town not by declaration, but in reality - a place at the gateway to Gömör, where it will be good to live and work, where it will be pleasant to stop and look around, where people will be able to breathe in fresh air, where they will have a good time, and where they will be able to live and be hosted in safety.

This is Putnok's past, present and view into the future in an area and along a route highly valued and interesting from the point of view of tourism, where travellers can get an experience for life if they take the train in the mountainous district between Eger, Szilvásvárad and Putnok, or if they take the road via Eger, Szilvásvárad, Bánvölgye, Putnok, Halas-tavak (Fish Ponds), Mohos-tavak (lakes), Kelemér (Gömörszőlős), Zádorfalva, Ragály (Zubogy), Aggtelek, (the national boundary) Domica, Pelsőc, Rozsnyó (Krasznahorkaváralja), Betlér, Dobsina, Stracena and Poprád as far as the High Tatras or to a destination beyond them. The traveller can take pleasure in visiting treasures and natural beauties like statactite and ice caves considered rare even by all-European standards.

This is what is offered by the Bükk Mountains, the Upper Sajó Valley and the Murány Valley under the snow-covered crest of the High Tatras barely 90 air kilometres away from Putnok, a mountain range which offers a gorgeous view in clear spring weather from Hegyes-tető (Peaky Height) towering above the town.