National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat of Arms of the Town of Püspökladány
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(The County of Hajdú-Bihar)

A silver coloured crane is located at the lower third of the oval green shield. The crane is turned to the right, standing on one feet and holding a pebble in the other. The upper part of the shield is blue. There is an open silver coloured warrior's helmet above the crane and there is a gollden coloured three pronged crown, i.e. the crane holding a pebble with one leg. The coat of arms is bordered by a helmet holder coloured blue, golden and red. The green colour of the field below symbolises the geographical environment of Nagysárrét area situated in the region of Hortobágy and Berettyó, while the upper blue field symbolises the colour of the sky.

The characteristic bird of Sárrét, the "guarding crane" stands in the vertical centre of the the coat of arms shield, standing on one leg and holding a nub in the raised other leg (which is a reference to the popular tradition).

The oldest (known) coat of arms of Püspökladány, which was owned by a landlord of George Rákóczi I. Prince of Transylvania, can be traced back into 1647. The settlement was raised to county market rank in 1847 and in the impression of its seal, a new form of escutcheon can be seen which is different from the previous one. There is one motif that is common in both and has a central place in the actual arms of the town: the crane. The green colour of the field below symbolises the Nagysárrét area of the Hortobágy situated in the region of the Berettyó, the upper blue field symbolizes the colour of the sky. The characteristic bird of Sárrét, the "guarding crane" stands in the vertical centre of the coat of arms shield. Referring to the tradition, it stands on one foot holding a nub with its other foot.

The crane which is famous for its vigilance was a very honoured bird in the area of Nagysárrét. According to the unwritten tradition, the peace of the resting crane group was watched by crane guards. The guarding crane held a nub with its foot. In the case of its decreasing vigilance the knocking sound of the dropped nub woke it up. In case of danger the guarding crane could give signs to the resting group.

The geographical location of the settlement required vigilance from the people living in this region. On the vast marshland of Nagysárrét here was the first passing place in northern direction. (The next one could be found in Békés county.) A three-direction route came to existence in this area of the marshland into the direction of the river Tisza, the river Danube, Upper Northern Hungary and Transylvania. The enemies which used these routes often attacked the people of the settlement.

The flames of Püspökladány drew the attention of the surrounding villages to the danger. Our ancestors as well as the crane groups posted sentries so that they could guard the passing place and could give signs of any danger.


1-2. Greetings from Püspökladány (Picutre postcards)

3. The Farkassziget Botanical Gardens

4. Main square (’Cranes’ – a decorative well by artist Lajos Győrfi)

5. Thermal baths at Püspökladány. (Spa pool).

6. An aerial view of Püspökladány.

7. Thermal baths and Town baths.

8. Thermal baths.