National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Mezőkövesd [¤]
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Mezőkövesd

(The County of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén)

The town of Mezőkövesd is situated in the southwest of the county of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, at a place where the mountainous region and the Great Plain meet. The settlement, which used to be a district centre, is the most important trading and economic centre of the region, and is also a road junction.

The settlement's first mention by documents goes back to as early as 1275. It flourished during the reign of King Mathias, who granted Mezőkövesd the rank of town and other privileges. By tradition, the term matyó is also related to King Mathias. Apart from Mezőkövesd, the term became used to mean the inhabitants of two other villages, Tard and Szentistván as well.

Then hard times followed: Mezőkövesd was almost entirely depopulated during the Turkish reign.

Later, however, a slow process of rejuvenation started, whereby Mezőkövesd became a market town, a church was also built, and the settlement's name was mentioned more and more often by contemporary documents.

Since the settlement did not have extensive land possessions, and industrialisation only began very late, many inhabitants had to earn their living as seasonal workers in faraway parts of the country and in abroad, or they became commuters seeking employment as industrial workers in the factories of Miskolc and Diósgyőr.

The history of Mezőkövesd has had its ups and downs: in the 19th century, for example, its development halted, and in 1886 it was deprived of the rank of town.

In the early 20th century this situation was maintained. Yet a secondary grammar school was built, the number of pupils occasionally reaching 300 (!), and the People's College organised for adult training also achieved significant results. At the same time, the settlement was poverty-stricken, and tuberculosis became an epidemic.

After 1945, the distribution of land gave new impetus to agricultural development, and soon agricultural cooperatives were established.

Industrialization began in the 1950s when factories, companies and handicraft cooperatives started to operate.

Currently both sectors are being transformed, and privatisation has started.

The nationally, as well as internationally famous and colourful matyó folk art is based on the extremely rich life experiences and imagination of the inhabitants living in the three settlements of Mezőkövesd, Tard and Szentistván.

Mezőkövesd's progress has lately been continuous. New roads, public buildings and private homes have been built. For some time the settlement played an important role as district centre in the economic and cultural life of the region, while in 1973 it was raised to the rank of town.

Zsóry-fürdő with its medicinal baths plays an important role as a major touristic attraction in the life of Mezőkövesd.

The coat-of-arms of Mezőkövesd is a shield couped en pointe, pierced flanche-wise, with a pointed base. In the field gules a three-pointed mound vert, gorged with a crown or. Issuing from the crown an embowed demi-arm argent, holding three ears of wheat or. Across the shield top a crown or.

E-mail: mkovph@matavnet.hu