National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Kisvárda [¤]
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Kisvárda

(County Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg)

A shield with a rounded base, tierced in pairle by curving lines at the base, at fess point an inescutcheon. The chief shield bears: dexter, barry of seven gules and argent; sinister vert, in chief a sun rayonnant or, below it a double-edged sword argent, pointed upward. The base bears a tent azure with a pair of two-beamed scales or. The inescutcheon bears: argent, the stylised image of Kisvárda's castle or. The shield is encircled by a winged dragon vert, the tail coiled around the neck, the feet clinging to the sinister edge of the shield.

Kisvárda's marshalled coat-of-arms aims at expressing all the values that have determined and are still determining the past and present life of the settlement. Ever since the Magyar conquest, Kisvárda has been inhabited by Hungarians. The local earthwork not only gave the town its name, but also played an important role in guarding the border. In the Middle Ages it was replaced by a stone castle, which served as a shelter for the inhabitants on several occasions. The importance of it is underlined by the fact that its image is borne in gold in the silver inescutcheon. The settlement is also proud of its ancient origin, indicated by the the right-hand side of the chief shield's principal charge, which is barry of seven gules and argent, as is Hungary's national coat-of-arms. This attachment to the Árpád dynasty is justified by the fact that in the first two centuries of the history of the Hungarian state the landlords of the settlement were the members of Árpád's dynasty.

In the Middle Ages, in fact in 1421, Kisvárda obtained the rank of market town from the Várday family, the landowners who themselves had been named after the settlement. The town bore this title with pride for the 450 years that followed. Although with the establishment of the bourgeois administrative system the rank of market town was lost, from 1970 onward Kisvárda has been a town again. These two revivals in the Middle Ages and in modern times respectively are symbolised by the sun borne in the sinister chief of the shield.

Between the 15th and 18th centuries Kisvárda functioned as the centre of the comitat. It was here that the nobility held their comitat-level meetings and the vice comes had their seats. A reminder of this status is the double-edged broadsword, still being kept at Kisvárda, on the left-hand side of the armorial bearings.

The town's life is still determined by the role it has always played in trade. Because in the Middle Ages Kisvárda was already an important regional centre that had the right of holding markets and fairs, this can be said to be a live tradition here for almost a thousand years. The town's commercial features were not only kept but also strenghtened during the period of bourgeois development. Thus the golden scales in the middle of the chief shield's base are to emphasise the central role of commerce in the life of Kisvárda.

The rise of the settlement is owing to the Várday family of Kisvárda, who always regarded the development of their estate centre as an important task. In order that their memory is kept in reverence, the town has taken over from the family's one-time armorial bearings the charge of the dragon coiling its tail around the neck, a motif that used to be the due of the Order of the Dragon. Several members of this family belonged to the order founded by King Sigismund in 1408. This explains for the appearance of the motif of the self-destroying, self-strangling dragon, which encircles the one-time arms of the Gutkeled clan, and it also justifies its presence in Kisvárda's present-day coat-of-arms.

E-mail: phkisv@elender.hu