National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

 The Coat-of-Arms of the Village of Kisoroszi [¤]
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(County Pest)

Enfiled with an oval shield erect lined with pearls azure a shield erect, the base curved to a point. It bears: azure, a hart salient or, the two hind legs standant on an island tinctured identical with the hart, bordered by the two branches of the Danube.

Between the oval and the pointed shields, starting from the upper dexter point and ending at the upper sinister point of the latter, the motto CIVIUM o KISOROSZI o OROZI, the Latin script borne in archaic type. Between the motto and the pointed shield a wild saffron or on both sides, linked with ornamental foliage sable.

Above the hart's head, as well as on both sides outside the pointed shield, by the flaunches a bezant voided or, symbolising the Sun. Between the two blooms of the wild saffron a larger and a smaller eight-pointed star or and on the sinister side a man-faced moon increscent adumbrated azure.

Kisoroszi, one of the nicest small villages of traditional charm, is situated in the northern corner of the 31-km-long Szentendrei-sziget (island).

Due to the sudden transformation of the Danube from its upper reaches to the lower, the most intensive and dynamic phases of spreading the alluvial deposits carried from the Carpathian Mountains took place at the tip of this sickle-shaped island. The emergence of sandbanks and their attachment to the edge of the river bank is still continuing. This is how Martuska, an area declared a protected zone by the National Board for the Protection of the Environment, came into being. In this untouched flood zone several-hundred-year old willow trees and poplars give a cool shade. This is where the reed bunting nests, the sparrow owl and the howlet look for their prey, whole colonies of coot and mallard dwell, the rough-legged buzzard and the merlin pass the winter, and the egret and the common heron fly during their migration.

Access to the village is possible from several directions, although, owing to the settlement's cul-de-sac location, it is either slow or complicated. Kisoroszi can be reached by ferry from both banks of the Danube branches, by road from Tahitótfalu, by boat in the summer (one service per day), and by bus during the schoolyear.

As proven by evidence, the whole island and both banks on the opposite sides have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the Roman age Kisoroszi played the role of an important advance guard. Two of the watchtowers belonging to the military camps at Dunabogdány and Visegrád used to stand here, one of them at the northwestern edge of the village, the other by the road to Hosszúrét. Both were built during the reign of Emperor Valentine I. The one at Hosszúrét was linked by a pontoon bridge to the fortification at Verőce on the other side.

In the period of the Magyar conquest the whole of the island was owned by the Rosd clan. That was why the settlement, which was closest to the early capital of the Hungarian kingdom, was first called Rosd, until as late as the reign of Kálmán Könyves, when Russian clergymen came to Visegrád and settled down here. Since that time the village has been called Kisoroszi (the Hungarian word for Russian is orosz).

The first official document verifying the existence of the village goes back to 1394, according to which the settlement used to be the estate of the Kalászi family. Since the majority of the servants of the royal household at Visegrád lived here at that time, the Middle Ages can be considered the golden period in the history of the village.

Because Kisoroszi was protected by waters, it managed to keep its importance in the times that followed. Its privileges were confirmed by Lajos (Louis) I, Zsigmond (Sigismund), Ulászló (Wladislaw) and later by the Hapsburg emperor Leopold I.

Due to its historic past and protected location, the village remained a thriving settlement even during the Turkish domination. In 1663-4, together with Tótfalu, Kisoroszi's four households also belonged to the nahije (administrative unit) of Visegrád. In 1692, as a settlement with working-age population, it was declared exempt from recruitment into the imperial army. Thus it was evident that Kisoroszi played a special role among Hungarian settlements. In 1700 it was owned by Count Valkard Kontzia, then by Count Tamás Stahremberg. From 1715, under the authority of the Treasury, it was registered as a nobiliary settlement endowed with privileges. Until 1848 Kisoroszi was owned by Count Károly Keglevich and his inheritors. Following the war of independence of 1848-9, during the redistribution of lands this estate became a crown possession, a status that was maintained until the period between the two world wars. The social changes following the second world war meant the beginning of a sad period in the life of the village.

Since the political changes of 1989-90 Kisoroszi seems to have been growing in population. This tendency is related to tourism, which attracts more and more people, among them many entrepreneurs, who serve the growing number of holidaymakers, especially in the high season.