National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Kerekegyháza [** ¤]
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(The County of Bács-Kiskun)

The city of Kerekegyháza is situated in the northern part of the county of Bács-Kiskun. Its origin may be rooted in the age of the Árpád dynasty, and the name might have been acquired from its round-shaped church.

The coat-of-arms is a shield erect, the base curved to a point. In the field azure, on a triple mound vert a Jazygian warrior erect moustached sable, habited in a pelisse gules braided sable, slacks gules, a high cap gules with a flap or, boots or and a belt argent round the waist, resting his sinister hand on the hip and holding in the dexter hand a Jazygian horn argent.

Across the top a tournament helmet lined gules, edged and barred or; round the gorget on a ribbon a medaillon, all or.The helmet is crested with a five-pointed (three verdures with two pearls in between) open crown verdured or, adorned with sapphires and rubies. Above the crown a patriarchal cross alaisé or (an unusual feature with regard to heraldic conventions), flanked on the dexter by a sword hilted or and bladed azure (edged to the dexter), also borne alaisé, and on the sinister by a pike argent with a flag azure and or waving to the sinister.

The mantling is azure and or on the dexter, and gules and argent on the sinister, all in the shape of acanthus leaves.

The blue field of the coat-of-arms is a reminder of history. The settlement existed as early as the age of the Árpáds. During the Mongol invasion it got devastated but, since its landowner by the name of Folkus' son István is known from 1323, it must have witnessed a revival. Later it became the possession of queens; King Sigismund gave it to his queen Borbála Cillei in 1424, then King Albert to Erzsébet in 1440. In 1458 King Mathias bestowed it on his follower Sebestyén Rozgonyi.

During the Turkish reign the settlement got depopulated, and the fields were leased as pastures by the town of Kecskemét.

The gently-sloping green triple mound evokes the undulating countryside, covered with protected green fields and forests. In addition, it refers to the fact that a considerable part of the population are making their living by agriculture, and the growing of vegetables and fruit.

The centrally-positioned Jazygian warrior indicates that the area used to be inhabited by Jazygians. In 1702, however, it was pawned and then sold to the Teutonic Knights by Emperor Leopold I. In 1745 it was redeemed by the citizens of the market towns Jászárokszállás, Fülöpháza and Kunszentmiklós. After the redemption it obtained the name Jászkerekegyháza, still characterised by the raising of livestock. The settlement itself was re-founded in 1856 by János Farkas, a former captain of the national army in 1848-9.

The horn held in the warrior's right hand is by tradition "Chief Lehel's horn", already borne on seals from the 16-17th centuries. Although legends relate it to Lehel (victorious over the German 'Kaiser' even after his defeat), one of the chiefs during the Magyar conquest of Hungary (9-10th centuries AD), from this time onwards it was also called 'Jazygian horn' and as such, it was regarded as the distinctive symbol of the Jazygians.

The helmet evokes the memory of the heroes and victims of the two world wars, whereas the crown symbolises independence and self government, starting again in 1856.

The patriarchal cross above the coat-of-arms, a motif taken over from the national armorial bearings, symbolises the patriotic feeling of the settlement's dwellers towards their motherland, as well as their religious faith. (It is to be noted that Hungary's first church built from ferro-concrete, now as a listed industrial monument, can be found at Kerekegyháza.)

The sword with the golden hilt expresses respect to historical heritage, and the eagerness to act in the defence of the homeland and independence. The flagged pike symbolises the one-time life on horseback on the puszta, still revealing itself in the organisation of a mounted banderium, driving competitions, riding on the puszta and the like. Kerekegyháza is also related as a sister-town to settlements in Denmark, Germany, Slovakia, Italy and Voivodina.