National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat of Arms of the Village of Jászdózsa [¤]
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(Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County)

The settlement’s coat of arms can be described as follows:

Shield erect and azure. It is topped by a heraldic crown or. The crown symbolises the status of the Jazygian people, that is the fact, that they were only subjected to the king and they were never ruled by any of the feudal lords.

Shield is tinctured azure, a colour, which is reminiscent of waters. This colour recalls the fact that the Jazygians have always lived near waters and when they arrived they also settled down by the Tarna and Zagyva rivers in their new homeland.

The six-pointed star is a reference to the adoration of the Sun by the Jazygians as well as a reminder of their Asian descent.

The charges of the two trees in the settlement’s coat of arms refer to the wooded areas by the Tarna river. These trees are yew trees. The charges of the arm and the horn on it are reminders of the Jazygians’ lifestyle: they were fierce and nomadic people.

The tincture purpure is the symbol of their loyalty to the king and it also evokes the fact that the Jazygianss obtained their privileges for the military services they had rendered to the king. The green (vert) field is the symbol of the plain area, of their homeland, where Jazygian ancestors lived and ploughed, and, when in need, they fought to defend their homes.

Shield is embraced by an ornament vert, a motif, which symbolises the love of nature and the fascination with art.

A brief description of the village of Jászdózsa is as follows:

The village of Jászdózsa is situated at the foot of the Mátra Hills on both banks of the Tarna river. It is a relatively small settlement in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County, the number of the settlement’s inhabitants is 2300. On road it is accessible on trunk road No. 31 via Jászjákóhalma and by rail on the Vámosgyörk-Újszászt-Szolnok railway line.

The older version of the settlement’s name is Jász-Dósa. Local people, especially the elderly, tend to call their settlement Dósa. Its official name since 1910 has been Jászdózsa. The origin of the older version of the settlement’s name raised several questions for linguists and researchers. Their opinions are varied. Some of them say that the name comes from the Latin word ’dominicus’. Others think it comes from the Slavic ’Dobrz’, which in Hungarian means ’good’. There is another explanation, by which it is a derivation of the diminutive of the name David. The most probable theory is that the word Dósa in old Hungarian used to mean ’spirit’.

The majority of local inhabitants are farmers and they live from agriculture. Some inhabitants commute to nearby towns to work. Jászdózsa is one of the country’s ageing settlements and thus caring for the elderly is one of the most important tasks of the local government. Another aim for the representatives of the local government is to keep as many young people in the village as possible by creating attractive jobs and possibilities for leisure activities and entertainment for them.

There are two architectural monuments in the village. One of them is the 18th cenutry late Baroque Catholic church and the other one is the Classicist bridge across the Tarna river, which was built in 1811-13. The bridge consists of five arches and it was built on massive piers. It represents one of the most significant monuments of bridge construction in Hungary. In the village it is simply and lovingly called Kőhíd, that is ’stone bridge’.

Jászdózsa offers a variety of programmes for inhabitants and visitors including angling in the Tarna stillwaters, hunting, kayaking, canoeing, archery, horseback riding, visiting local sights and swimming in the pools of nearby towns. At a distance of 30 kilometres one can find the Mátra Hills, which offer nice opportunities for camping and trekking.

The Tarna stillwaters represent an anglers’ paradise. The ’Tarnamente Anglers’ Association takes care of this place; they breed fish, maintain the area and organise sports events for those who favour this kind of recreational activity.

The village has a youth hostel in the main square, which can accomodate as many as 30 people. It is an ideal place of accomodation for families or goups of friends. It is a well-equipped building with all modern conveniences.

Sights of Jászdózsa to see include the soldier statue and a World war II memorial. The former one commemorates those who died in the first world war. The World war II memorial was erected in the main square of the village. Another monument int he village is to commemorate the anniversary of the Hungarian Conquest and it was also erected in the village centre.

It is one of the important tasks of the local government to cherish the local traditions. The events of the Dósa days were last year organised on the tenth occasion. Within the framework of this event special programmes were organised in order to revive traditional rural life. A Folk Art Group was organised in the village in 1984 and the members were responsible for the programmes. The Local history Museum was opened in 1989 and it has a rich collection of pieces of rural furniture from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, agricultural tools and objects of everyday village life.

There is a residential home for the elderly in the village, too, which opened in 2001. The so-called ’Erdős’ home offers good care and high level of services for the residents.

There is an artesian well in the main square of the village. It was drilled in 1902 and renewed not long ago. Its capacity and the quality of its water makes the bottling of the local mineral water possible. The natural mineral water is sold by the brand name ’Jászok kincse’, which means Jazygian Treasure.

Within the framework of village tourism several families accomodate guests in their homes. The atmosphere is always friendly and the guest houses are all convenient.

Jászdózsa is a village, which is definitely worth visiting, since it offers wonderful opportunities for those who want an active holiday by going on excursions and also for those who just want to relax in ideal surroundings.