National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat of Arms of the Village of Fácánkert
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Fácánkert

Fácánkert's coat of arms is a Renaissance shield (erect, broken at point, the base curved to a point). It bears: azure and vert, a bend sinister argent. The upper field bears: azure, a pheasant trussed reversed or. The lower field bears: vert, issuing from a single stem a wheat stalk with three ears, all or. The middle field is plain.

Despite its simplicity, Fácánkert's coat of arms represents the settlement's past and present expressively.

The blue field symbolises the freedom of nature. The golden pheasant as the dominant symbol refers to the fact that the area has been inhabited since ancient times. First it flourished in Roman times but life did not cease after the Magyar conquest of Hungary either. In the Middle Ages it may have been owned by the Ostffy family. In the Turkish times it got depopulated, but in the mid-17th century, through the marriage of Pál I and Erzsébet Bornemissza, it became the possession of the Count Tolnai Festetich family, who in the 19th century had a hall of residence built.

In the same century the area was bought by the Kunffy family of Jewish origin, who came from Hőgyész. The new owners started an up-to-date way of farming. For the processing of the industrial plants they built a distillery, for the grinding of crops they built a steam mill and as their residence they had a mansion erected. The Simon Major got its name from a one-time owner Simon Sina. The development around the end of the 19th century was marked by the emergence of farms like Simon, Vadász, Julia, Emma, (Iphi)Genia, Felső [Upper], Közép [Middle] Major and Kajmád Puszta. The serfs of the manor centres began to purchase plots of land from 1907 onwards, followed by some more families after World War One. In the 1920s more than half of all the arable land was owned by three families (Kunffy, Illés and Balogh). In the past decades the mansion built by Lajos Kunffy functioned as the research unit of the Plant Protecting Station. At present it houses the central offices of the game park.

The other reason for the choice of the settlement's name (fácán means pheasant) and the introduction of the pheasant as the chief motif is that earlier there was a rich flora and fauna in the area. The landscape was dominated by grove-forests of oak, elm, wild pear trees and shrubs, populated by small game like the hare, predators like the fox and the wolf as well as birds. They are still remembered by place names such as Róka-völgy [Fox Valley], Farkas-sziget [Wolf Island] or Csirip-dűlő [Chirp Field]. However, the area was particularly favoured by hunters owing to the abundance of pheasants.

The positioning of the silver field (bend sinister) refers to the fact that it was difficult for the inhabitants of the two areas united in 1936 to become reconciled to the merger, whereas other attempts of unification (e.g. the one with Tolna) were rejected. Thus the silver band represents the dwellers' stout insistence on their independence, it symbolises the settlement's one-time water, the Sárvíz Canal, it raises nostalgic feelings toward the one-time horse-drawn industrial railway and demonstrates the importance of the modern railway line. (In addition, it might evoke the history of the old haunted farmstead.)

The green field expresses the fact that ever since the settlement has existed it has been definitely agricultural. People experimented with the growing of sugar-cane and tobacco and the planting of fruit trees (pear and nut). On Öreg and Homok-hegy, by Borház [Wine House] they cultivated vineyards, on the pastures they grazed cattle and sheep, in the oak forests they fed pigs on acorn, but the dominant activity has always been the growing of crops, as is represented by the golden wheat stalk with the three ears.