National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Battonya [*** ¤]
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(The County of Békés)

Shield erect, azure, a bend gules, base curved to a point. Bend charged with three 6-pointed stars or, borne bendwise. In sinister over the bend a poplar leaved vert and truncated sable, beside it to the sinister a covered gate with stairs and open wings, all or. Under the arch a ploughshare and a coulter, all argent. In fess, under the gate a poplar identical with the former. In dexter, under the bend, issuing from flames or a patriarchal cross argent.

Across the top a helmet proper, borne affronté, bordered or, with a closed visor and round the gorget a ribbon with a medaillon, all or.

Helmet crested with a five-pointed open crown, the points each adorned with a pearl azure, the headband with three sapphires. Crown crested with a stylised eagle borne displayed and affronté, sable, armed, adorned with a crown and holding in its dexter talon three arrows, all or.

Mantling: dexter gules and or, sinister azure and argent.

Battonya's coat-of-arms falls within the category of canting arms, for is symbolises everything important in its history up to the present day. The red-coloured bend, since the colour red is also a symbol of life, relates to the fact that the area of the settlement has been inhabited virtually uninterrupted since the Neolithic age. The golden stars adorning the bend evoke the first landowners, among whom the first known by name was Bishop Ráfael Szekcsői Herczeg of Bosnia. The Szárazér region became an inheritance; then, on the female line, it was obtained by the Szent-Györgyi family of Bazin. The starry arrangement is typical of their shield. Thus the three stars on the one hand indicate that during the 15-18th centuries the region was owned by numerous landlords alternately, on the other hand they refer to the ethnic composition of today, for the place is inhabited by Hungarians, Rumanians and Slovaks.

In the Middle Ages Szárazér served as an important waterway connecting the rivers Maros and Tisza, but contacts with Temes were also made possible by the waters of the region. All this upgraded Battonya's role considerably, since it was situated at the meeting point of geographical lines of force. Thus, in a way, it served as a gate connecting the lowland with the mountains of Transylvania. This role has become even more significant today, since Battonya is a border town. Because the Ajtósi family also used to possess land in the vicinity, it was appropriate to include the gate motive from their coat-of-arms. The first seal of the settlement depicted a ploughshare and a coulter (in other versions a sickle and scythe) between two trees. In order to preserve these charges, two poplars are borne next to and beneath the gate, while the silver ploughshare and coulter are positioned under the arch of the gate.

In the dexter field the three red flames evoke the bloodshed and destruction of the past thousand years, but they also symbolise the glow and eternity of life force, the struggle for a better life, advancement and freedom, as well as the revolutionary movements of 1514, 1735, 1848-9 and 1891. During the 15-year-war the settlement was destroyed, and when it was resettled, Southern Slavs (Serbians), Rumanians (Vlachs) and Hungarians were invited, then from the Felvidék (Upper Northern Hungary), from the counties of Sáros, Szepes, Pozsony and Heves a considerable number of Slovak settlers arrived. This explains the reason for the patriarchal cross issuing from the flames: on the one hand, this is an early Hungarian symbol dating back to the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries; on the other hand, the Slovaks as well as the orthodox Serbians and Romanians are also attached to it.

The helm and the crest are reminders of the best-known early landowners, the Héderváry family. In addition, the golden eagle means that the ancestors of today's inhabitants mainly arrived here from rocky and mountainous regions. The three arrows pointing toward the sky suggest the great potential for advancement in the union of the three nationalities.

The tinctures of the coat-of-arms (gold, silver, blue, red and green) offer a combination of colours from the flags of the mother countries of all the nationalities concerned. The triple trinity of three stars, three flames and three arrows is meant to reinforce the idea of interdependence, relatedness and cooperation.