National and historical symbols of Hungary

In this section you can find the crests of almost 2400 settlements of Hungary with notes. Find the starting letter of the settlement in the list and click if you want to see it.

The Coat-of-Arms of the Town of Bátonyterenye [¤]
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Bátonyterenye

(County Nógrád)

Shield erect, the base pointed. It bears: or semy of lozenges sable; issuant from a diamond-shaped piece of coal sable lined or four tongues of flame gules. Across the top a barred helm sideways; and for the crest issuant from a wreath of the colours a demi hart salient sable maned and hoofed or, and langued gules. Mantling: sable and or, with a tassel gules at each corner.

The Relationship Between the Town and the Coat-of-Arms

The principal charge of the coat-of-arms is the black diamond-shaped piece of coal referring to local coal mining, which started in the 1860s and lasted until 1990, and which determined the settlement's past to a great extent.

The four red tongues of flame issuing from the piece of coal symbolise the formerly independent four settlements (Nagybátony, Kisterenye, Szupatak, Maconka), by the unification of which today's Bátonyterenye came into being.

Motorists arriving on trunk road 21 from Budapest or from the direction of Hatvan can only discover in the last minute that they have arrived at a significant settlement of the county Nógrád.

Bátonyterenye, the centre of a smaller region, came into being as the result of the unification of four, formerly independent settlements, namely Nagybátony, Kisterenye, Szupatak and Maconka. In 1989 it was raised to the rank of town. The area would have been inhabited as early as the late Bronze Age, i.e. around 1500 B.C. Nagybátony was first mentioned by the name Bachon in 1190, in the deed of foundation of the Abbey of Pásztó. The name Kisterenye first appeared in writing as Terenic in 1381. Three years later it was already referred to as Vásáros Terenye, that is one with the right of holding fairs. Szupatak was recorded in mediaeval documents as Asszupatak. The area was owned by a number of landlords, the most important of whom were the Almássy and Gyürky families. From the 1860s the development of the region was determined by coal mining. Due to this, from 1950 onward the formerly insignificant small village of Nagybátony started an urban development, and the so-called Bányaváros (Mining Town) was built. As indicated by the name, its purpose was to settle down miners and their families, who had arrived here from all over Hungary.

In spite of its favourable conditions, Bátonyterenye is at present not playing an outstanding role in the tourism of the country, although the undulating hills of the Cserhát as well as the picturesque peaks of the Mátra Mountains, which used to serve as the hiding place of Vidróczki, the famous outlaw of the region, offer lovers of nature a variety of sights. In the region Szorospatak is suitable for prolonged vacations; here, after mining was abandoned, a number of recreational and holiday facilities were opened with the transformation of some of the existing buildings. It was also here that the local youth camp, maintained by the town council, was established. Szorospatak is linked to Mátraalmás and Galyatető by a paved road. The most valuable landmark of Bátonyterenye is the church of Maconka, built in the 14th century. In the choir mediaeval frescoes can be seen. The sights of the part previously called Kisterenye include the onion-domed late Baroque Gyürky-Solymossy mansion and its 14-hectare natural park, a conservation area due to its unique flora. Some typical examples of the so-called palóc houses (rural homes) can be found at Szupatak; their age and characteristics are identical with those of the famous houses at Hollókő. The ruins of a church in the puszta (uninhabited area) east of the old village of Nagybátony as well as Aranyhegy, rich in Bronze Age finds and hiding an ancient earthwork, are also sights to remember.

The forests surrounding the town are abundant in game. The water reservoir at Maconka is an anglers' paradise, offering good recreational facilities and excellent opportunities for fishing.

Pictures:

1. Gyürky-Somossy mansion

2. The church at Maconka, a listed building

3. Endre Ady Cultural Centre